High-yielding Cultivation Techniques of Eggplants in Sheds

1, select the fine varieties: the fruit should be selected for compact meat, good quality, plant shape neat, compact, dark green leaves; fruit dark purple shiny varieties.

2. Cultivate strong seedlings: During the low temperature season during eggplant seedling raising, it is generally required to raise the seedlings in a heated greenhouse or a solar greenhouse to spread the seedlings. When two true leaves are grown, the seedlings are planted in a greenhouse. 1 Preparation of nutritious soil: Due to the high seeding density of the seedbed, the total amount of water and minerals absorbed from the bed soil within a unit area is relatively large; in addition, the roots are dense, and their respiration is more stringent for oxygen, so the seedbed The nutrient soil must have good air permeability and contain various nutrients needed for seedling growth. 2 Bedding: Need to plant beds 1.5 acres per acre? O. The method of making bed is to lay a layer of heavy soil, rub on the soil, spread 3~5cm of nutritive soil, and then irrigate the water, spread the seed that spreads bud evenly on the bed surface, and then cover 1cm thick nutrient soil. . The bed supports a small shed, covering the film, both to maintain moisture and help increase the temperature and promote seedlings.

3, seed treatment: eggplant seeds can be soaked in warm soup, can also be used to deal with drugs to achieve the purpose of disinfection. The method is to put the seeds into 55 °C water, continue to stir until it is cooled to room temperature, or treat with potassium permanganate 1,000 times for 15 to 20 minutes. Eggplant soaking time is 10 to 12 hours, requiring continuous washing seeds, remove the mucus to accelerate water absorption and respiration, and promote germination. After soaking, rinse with clean water, drain, and then germination. 1 germination. The seeds were wrapped in a clean, damp cloth and germinated at 28 to 30°C. If the temperature is changed, the temperature will be changed alternately at 30°C for 16 hours and 20°C for 8 hours per day. 2 seedling period management. Closed insulation after sowing, try to increase seedbed temperature and promote seedlings. After 80% emergence, open the mulch to reduce the temperature and humidity to prevent the occurrence of damping-off. Eggplants are prone to caps and excavated. Sprayers can be used to spray the shells in the evening and the seedlings will be taken off at night. It is also possible to spread a fine layer of fine soil evenly when the seed is arching the soil. This prevents the soil from being uncovered by the cap and prevents the air leakage caused by the emergence of the soil. During the seedling stage, the daytime temperature should be maintained at 25-28°C and nighttime temperature should be 15-18°C. When two true leaves are to be grown, they can be divided into seedlings. The day before seedling, the bed of seedlings was poured once. 3 points for seedbed preparation and seedlings. The seedlings were prepared in the same manner as the nutrient soils of the seedbed. The seedbed soil thickness is 8~10cm to ensure the nutrient and air needs of the whole seedling root system. The seedling density is 8 to 10cm square. In recent years, nutrient pods have been widely used in eggplant seedlings, which can effectively protect the root system and facilitate the operation, management, and transportation. Eggplant seedlings with a diameter of 10cm is more appropriate. Put the nutrient soil into the pot, insert a hole in the center with your finger, put the pot into the hole, and then seal the hole.

4, planting: requirements sunny morning. Strong seedlings were selected and planted at a planting density of 30 cm. The root system should not be buried too deep, and it is advisable to flush it with the seedlings. After planting, it should be watered with the ditch. The amount of water should not be too large, so as to avoid the temperature dropped, affecting the slow seedlings.

5. Harvesting: The eggplant is easy to fall into the pod, so it should be harvested early to promote plant growth and development of the eggplant.

6. Pest control: The most important disease of eggplant in protected areas is verticillium wilt. Rotation should be carried out. Severely diseased plots can adopt the method of eggplant grafting. Commonly used rootstocks are red eggplant and so on. The main insect pests of eggplant are red spider, tea cricket and aphids. The inspection of insects should be strengthened, and chemical control should be carried out at the early stage of the occurrence of tea aphid. It can be used 70% of chlorinated emulsifiable concentrate 3000 times, etc. It can also be used 20% diclofenac EC 800 times spray control. For locusts and spider mites, use 40% Dimethoate EC 800 times spray control.

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