All kinds of shiitake mushrooms are known to benefit from the use of eucalyptus wood, but if they are not handled well, they cannot achieve high yields. In the past few years, I have used eucalyptus mushrooms to achieve a total of 3 dry roots per eucalyptus plant. The good benefits of mushrooms are 10% to 15% higher than the average. In order to get a good harvest for everyone, I introduced my practice to everyone in the inoculation season of mushroom cultivation.
In addition to temperature, humidity, and the size of beech wood size, in strict accordance with scientific requirements, there are several major aspects that need to be mastered.
There are many species of trees suitable for the cultivation of shiitake mushrooms, of which the broad-leaved trees such as Fagaceae, Birch Branch, Duying Branch, Jugaceae, and Hamameliaceae are the best. The main tree species with higher yields and the most commonly used are millet, eucalyptus, eucalyptus, birch, walnut, Qianjin, Alder, Qinggang, Gun Tree, Liquidambar, Adingfeng, Shan Duying. These wood segments contain more tannic acid, which has the effect of accelerating mycelial growth. Loose, fragrant, cypress, and sandalwood trees with volatile aromatic oils, resins, and bark that are easily peeled off are not suitable for growing shiitake mushrooms. The age of the tree is 15 to 30 years old. Alder caliber is best around 15 cm. In these parts of our country, there are only a few species of high quality trees. Most of the time, I used to go outside to pull ash. It seems that the cost is a bit high, and the actual general management is appropriate. A batch of mushrooms can be continuously mushroomed for 4 to 5 years, due to Ming Gui dark phase.
Some people have a simple, free and easy way to inoculate mushrooms. The rate of mushroom production is just as low. I use the two-stage cultivation of inoculation and fruiting. Since the lighting conditions required for inoculation and mushrooming are different, two-stage cultivation must be used.
In the first stage, the newly-inoculated mushroom wood is piled up in a shaded, shaded, sheltered, warm, moist, well-drained shed or covered with a broad-leafed tree branch. The stacking must be done with care, so as not to harm the growth and development of the mycelia caused by the tree skin. Stacked shapes are generally well-shaped. The role of this stacking is to prevent the hyphae from being damaged and reduce the vitality, so that it can get proper temperature and humidity, so that the hyphae can quickly resume activity and begin to invade the formation layer. About one month after inoculation, the hyphae should be checked for survival in mushrooms. For timely regulation. 1-2 months after the heap to be piled up once, the mushroom is about to change the position of the inside and outside of each other. In order to regulate the humidity of mushrooms, the mycelium grows evenly. To avoid collisions and damage to the bark, turn them gently.
Mushrooms are trapped in the mountains after a summer and autumn and the hyphae are fully spread. Before the beginning of the winter, the mushrooms are moved to a greenhouse or a place where the wind is calm and humid. The way to stand mushrooms is to insert two wooden stakes on the ground and a crossbar in the middle, and then lean the mushroom against the sides of the crossbar to form a â€œpersonâ€ shape, leaving the walkway between the rows for management and harvesting. When setting up trees, if the environment is too wet, the mushrooms should be vertical, the environment is too dry, and the mushrooms should be low lying near the ground.
Shiitake mushroom is a light-sensitive bacteria, so the principle of mushrooming field is "four dry and six wet" and "seven yin and three yang". That is, 40% dry and 60% wet, 70% overcast and 30% positive, to maintain the growth in a dark and humid environment. In order to meet the requirements of â€œseven yin and three yangâ€, my greenhouse is not completely covered with white film, but black and white film and white, so that it evenly into the light, otherwise the light will be strong in the infrared and ultraviolet light will reduce the yield of mushrooms.
It is when the mushrooms that are covered with mycelium are moved into the mushrooming field. After the water is immersed, the two ends of the mushroom are beaten to awaken the strains, so that the mushroom can be neat and full. There are two main methods of wood shock, the first one is soaking water. Mushroom must be placed in the water before entering the mushroom field to dip enough water, soaking the water is to use the hammer when the mushrooms are immersed in the water and then hit the two ends of the mushroom. Mushroom wood after the infusion of oxygen is relatively reduced, scared wood after mushroom gap in the excess water can overflow, increase the fresh oxygen, wake up the bacteria species, so that the rupture of mycelium can grow stronger, prompting a large number of original burst. The second type is water splashing wood. In a mushroom farm without water immersion equipment, it can be used to spur mushrooms with the method of dripping with water. You can also get the same effect by pouring a large amount of water and tapping once at both ends of the mushroom, or by tapping the mushrooms during the natural rain.
Years of practice have shown that without the hitherto rip-and-eat wood bed, the amount of fruiting bodies is greatly reduced, and the yields are far from each other.
Ding Gang, a senior agronomist at Weiyi County Agricultural Technical Station, Chen Hong: These three links mentioned by Chen Hong are an important part of the cultivation of shiitake mushrooms. They are also the successful experiences he has learned through many years of practice and are also very successful. Scientific and operability. It is just that the cultivation of mushrooms is technically very strong, and there are many links, temperature and humidity, which links of disease prevention and treatment can not be sloppy, pay attention to the humidity of the mushroom field to maintain 80-90%, the water content of mushroom wood is 50% to 60. % is suitable.
In case of fine weather and no rain, spray water once every morning and evening, try to increase the temperature difference and wetness difference to stimulate the differentiation and formation of mushroom buds. If the mushrooms are too dry, they can be soaked in water for 12-24 hours, then concentrated, and covered with plastic film to keep warm, moisturize, ventilation once a day, can promote a large number of mushroom buds.
During the mushrooming period, the respiration of shiitake mushrooms is strong. In order to keep the air fresh in the mushroom farm, the mushroom farm should be kept clean and properly ventilated and light-transmitting.
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